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John Dixon Hunt

John Dixon Hunt

Professor emeritus of Landscape Architecture dell'Università della Pennsylvania

- s.s. 23 aprile 2013, s.s.s. 1 settembre 2016
Bristol Grammar School 1947-53
English School of Languages, La Tour de Peilz, Switzerland 1954
King's College, Cambridge 1954-57
(Class II/i degree in both parts of English Tripos)
Bristol University 1957-59
(Ph.D. awarded in 1964)
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 1959-60
Teaching fellowship
Winner of three major Hopwood Awards (for novel, poetry
and non-fiction) June 1960
Vassar College 1960-62
Instructor in English
Exeter University 1962-64
Assistant lecturer in English 1962-63
Lecturer in English 1963-64
University of York 1964-75
Lecturer in English. Member of University Council,
General Academic Board, University Planning Committee, etc.,
Deputy Provost of Langwith College 1971-72.
Bedford College, University of London 1975-82
Reader in English 1975-79
Professor 1979-82
Department chairman, Member of College Academic Board, Council, Departmental Staffing Committee; member of Courtauld Institute of Art Management Committee; member of University Board of Studies in History of Art

Leiden University, The Netherlands 1983-85
Professor of English Literature and English Department chairman. University of East Anglia 1985-88 Professor of English Literature
University Public Orator, 1988
Chairman of Literature Sector, School of English & American Studies; member of board of
Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts; elected member of University Senate.
Dumbarton Oaks (Trustees for Harvard University),
Washington, DC. 1988-199l
Director of Studies in Landscape Architecture
Oak Spring Garden Library, Upperville, VA. 1991-94.
Academic Advisor: principally cataloguing all materials relating to garden design in all countries, directing the work of other scholars working on further volumes of the catalogue, and generally advising Mrs. Paul Mellon on the future of the library.
University of Pennsylvania 1994-2009.
Professor of the History and Theory of Landscape, and (till 2000) Chair of the Department of
Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning.
Acting Dean, School of Design, July-December 2003.
Member of the Graduate Groups in PhD Architecture, Historic Preservation, History of Art,
Comparative Literature and of the Center for Italian Studies Committee.
Elected member of search committee for Dean of Graduate School of Fine Arts, 1996. Appointed
chair of search committee for Gutman Professor of Fine Arts (1998) and member of search
committee (2002 & 2003) in Historic Preservation, in Architectural History & Theory (2012)
and for the chair in Landscape Architecture in 2011/12.
Member the Vice-Provost's Advisory Committee on the Library, and of Council Committees on
Libraries, the University Bookstore (Chair 2004-6), and Honorary Degrees.
Member [and chair, 2002-4] of the Personnel Committee of the Graduate School of Fine Arts.
From 2009 : Emeritus Professor of the History and Theory of Landscape.
Harvard University, Graduate School of Design, visiting professor, Fall 2010 & 2011, and visiting professorship 2012-2014
Eleanor R Stuckeman Chair in Design, Stuckeman School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Penn State University, Spring semesters 2013 and 2014.

Fellow of Folger Shakespeare Library July to December 1966
Visiting Professor, Johns Hopkins University summer session 1968
Visiting Associate Professor of English, Johns Hopkins University
Senior Faculty Fellowship in European Studies, Leverhulme Trust 1973-74
Grant from the British Academy European Exchange Fund 1974
Visiting Professor, Humanities Center, Johns Hopkins University Fall 1977
Visiting Member in the School of Historical Studies, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton Spring 1978
Editor, Journal of Garden History (from 1998 re-titled Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes) since 1981
Franklin Jasper Walls lecturer, Pierpont Morgan Library 1981
Ferens Fine Art lecturer, Hull University 1985
Fellow in Landscape Architecture, Dumbarton Oaks (Trustees for Harvard University) Spring 1985
Senior Fellow (= advisor) in Landscape Architecture, Dumbarton Oaks (Trustees for Harvard University) 1985-1988
Senior Editor, Word & Image. A journal of verbal/visual enquiry, 1985-2010. Founding Editor Emeritus from 2011.
Member of advisory board, Highgate Art Trust (Williamstown, MD) since 1986.
Fellow of Folger Shakespeare Library October-December 1987
Member (ex officio, as editor of Word & Image) of the committee of the International Association for Word and Image Studies
Grant (for one month's work on Ruskin and Venetian preservation) from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, 1977
Member of the Painswick Rococo Gardens [Gloucestershire, UK] Trust, 1988-1993.
Area advisor (for landscape architecture) to the Macmillan Dictionary of Art, 1985-1996.
Consultant to Fratelli Lombardi on the restoration of the gardens of the Palazzo Patarol, Venice, 1990-91
Member of the Council for the Welsh Historic Gardens Trust, since 1990.
Olivetti Lecturer, American Academy, Rome, ("The Year of the Garden") 1990
Member of Rome Prize jury in landscape architecture, American Academy, 1991.
Kress Senior Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., January-May 1992
Consultant to the French Ministry of the Environment (Mission du Paysage) on garden art in France and its relationship to the larger environmental context, June 1992. Report published in Trois regards sur le Paysage Fran?s, 1993.
Visiting professor at the Collège de France for lectures on garden theory and historiography, March 1994.
Consultant to the American History Workshop on interpretative programmes for the New York Botanical Garden, August 1994.
Advisory editor for Design Book Review, The MIT Press (since 1987) and for Rural History, CUP (1994-99).
Editor, Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996 onwards (see list of publications below)
Consultant to the Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Landscape Advisory Panel, 1999-2008.
Member of the Rubans d'Or Jury, Minist? de l'Equipment, du Logement, des Transports et du Tourisme (Directions des Routes), Paris, June 1999.
University of Western Australia, Perth: summer 1999, Distinguished Visitor in Art History and Architecture.
Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, French Ministry of Culture, 2000.
New York Times Resident at the American Academy in Rome, January-February 2001.
Salvatori Research Grant (from University of Pennsylvania), spring 2001
Thirteenth Annual Fox-Adler Lecturer, Skidmore College, November 2001
Member of editorial advisory committee for Cr?eurs de Jardins et de paysages en France de la Renaissance au debut du XIXe siècle, 2 vols., ed. Michel Racine, Actes Sud with the Ecole Nationale Superieure du Paysage, Versailles, 2001 and 2002.
Third Robert Penson Lecturer, St John's College, Oxford, June 2002
Benjamin Meaker Visiting Professor in the History of Art, and Perry Art Lecturer, University of Bristol, February 2003.
Advisory Editor, The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance, ed. Gordon Campbell (published 2003).
Member of the Council of the Welsh Historic Gardens Trust.
University of Pennsylvania Research Foundation Award for the resumption of work on the book on Venetian gardens, 2004.
Curator, exhibition of the work of Ian Hamilton Finlay, Rare Book Room, University of Pennsylvania Library, 2005.
Member of three-person External Review Committee of the Ecole de l'Aménagement, Université de Montréal, Canada, December. 2005.
Member, Board of Directors, Fleur de Lis Institute, College of Landscape Architecture, Design & Management, Tuscon, AZ, from 2006.
Honorary D.Litt, the University of Bristol (UK) in July 2006
Delmas Foundation grant for work on Venetian gardens 2007-8
David R Coffin Publication grant from the Foundation for Landscape Studies for The Venetian City Garden,, 2009.
J.B.Jackson Prize from the Foundation for Landscape Studies (2010) for The Venetian City Garden, and an Honor award from the Foundation
Advisor to Keywords in American Landscape Design, ed. Therese O'Malley (Washington, D.C., CASVA, National Gallery of Art), published 2010.
Advisory Board of the Landscape Architecture Programs at the University of Maryland. 2010-2013
University of Pennsylvania: honored by naming History & Theory annual prize in School of Design, and establishing a John Dixon Hunt Fund in the University Library, 2010-11.
Short-term Visiting Scholar in Garden and Landscape Studies, Dumbarton Oaks, February/March 2011.
Member, editorial board of Change Over Time, a journal of historic preservation, published by the University of Pennsylvania Press, from 2011.
Member of scientific committee (editorial board) for new journal, Gardens and Landscapes of Portugal
Elected a foreign member (Membro straniero) of the Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere
ed Arti, Venice, 2013.
The Pre-Raphaelite Imagination: 1848-1900, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968.
A Critical Commentary on Shakespeare's "The Tempest", Macmillan, 1968.
The Figure in the Landscape. Poetry, painting and gardening during the 18th century, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976; paperback edition, 1989.
Andrew Marvell. His Life and Writings, Paul Elek Ltd, 1978.
Self-Portrait in a convex mirror: on poems on paintings (inaugural lecture), Bedford College, London, 1981.
The Wider Sea. A life of John Ruskin, J. M. Dent Ltd., 1982; paperback edition, Orion Publishing, 1998.
A Handle on "Tristram Shandy". Uncle Toby's wound, and other words and images (inaugural lecture), Leiden University, 1984.
Vauxhall and London's garden theatres, Chadwyck-Healey, 1985.
Garden and Grove. The Italian Renaissance Garden in the English Imagination: 1600-1750, J. M. Dent, Ltd., 1986; new paperback edition, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.
William Kent: landscape garden architect. An assessment and catalogue raisonn?Philip Wilson Publishers, 1987.
Gardens and the picturesque: studies in the history of landscape architecture, The M.I.T. Press, 1992.
L'Art du jardin et son histoire (Travaux du Coll? de France), Editions Odile Jacob, Paris, 1996.
Greater Perfections. The Practice of Garden Theory, Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture, University of Pennsylvania Press with Thames & Hudson, 2000.
The Picturesque Garden in Europe, Thames & Hudson, NY 2002 & London 2003. German edition, Der malerische Garten (Stuttgart: Verlag Eugen Ulmer, 2004).
The Afterlife of Gardens, Reaktion Books, 2004
Nature Over Again.. The garden art of Ian Hamilton Finlay, Reaktion Books, 2008.
The Venetian City Garden. Place, Identity, and Perception, Birkhauser, 2009.
A World of Gardens, Reaktion Books, 2012.
Sette lezioni sul Paesaggio, translated and edited by Valerio Morabito, Casa editrice Libria, 2012
A Cultural History of Gardens, 6 volumes, general editor jointly with Michael Leslie, Berg Publishers, Oxford, in which I am editing volume 6, The Modern Age, forthcoming 2013..
Editions Pope's "The Rape of the Lock": a selection of critical essays, Macmillan, 1968
Tennyson's "In Memoriam": a selection of critical essays, Macmillan, 1970
Encounters. Essays on literature and the visual arts, Studio Vista, 1971
(general editor) Rowlandson:a new interpretation by Ronald Paulson, Studio Vista, 1972
The Country Wife by Wycherley, New Mermaid Edition, 1973
Dialogue Upon the Gardens ... at Stowe by William Gilpin, Augustan Reprint Society, 1976
(co-editor with Peter Willis) The Genius of the Place. The English Landscape Garden 1620-1820, Paul Elek Ltd., 1975; rev. pbk. ed., 1979; new revised edition with new introduction and bibliography, M.I.T. Press, 1988
(co-editor with Faith Holland) The Ruskin Polygon. Essays on the imagination of John Ruskin, Manchester University Press, 1982
The English Landscape Garden - 35 works on English garden history, each with brief introduction, Garland Publishers Inc., 1982
(co-editor with Erik de Jong) The Anglo-Dutch Garden in the age of William and Mary, catalogue of exhibition held at Paleis Het Loo, Apeldoorn, 1988 and Christie's, London, 1989, Taylor and Francis Ltd. 1988.
The Dutch Garden in the Seventeenth Century (Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, XII), Washington, D.C., 1990.
Garden History. Issues, approaches, methods, Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, XIII (Washington, D.C., 1992).
The Pastoral Landscape, with an introductory essay, Studies in the History of Art 36, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1992.
The Oxford Book of Garden Verse, Oxford University Press, 1993.
(co-editor with Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn) The Vernacular Garden, Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, XIV (Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C., 1993).
The Italian Garden. Art, design and culture, essays by Malcolm Campbell, Iris Lauterbach.
Alessandro Tosi, Raymond Gastil, et al., Cambridge University Press, 1996; paperback edition, 2007.
From Book to Garden and back: Ian Hamilton Finlay, a special issue of Word & Image, containing a catalogue of the exhibition of work held at the University of Pennsylvania, Fall 2005.
Art, Word & Image: 2000 Tears of Visual/Textual Interaction, ed. John Dixon Hunt, David Lomas and Michael Corris, Reaktion Books, 2010.
Series editor: Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture, University of Pennsylvania Press.
** This was awarded the ASLA (American Society of Landscape Architects) Communications Award of Honor in April, 2006.
The Landscape Approach of Bernard Lassus, 1998.
Thierry Mariage, The World of Andr?e N?, translated by Graham Larkin and with an introduction by John Dixon Hunt, 1998.
Mark Laird, The Flowering of the Landscape Garden, English Pleasure Grounds 1720-1800, 1999.
John Dixon Hunt, Greater Perfections. The practice of garden theory, 1999.
Laurie Olin, Across the Open Field. Essays drawn from English Landscapes, 1999.
John Evelyn, Elysium Britannicum. Or the Royal Gardens, edited by John Ingram, 2000.
C C L Hirschfeld, Theory of Gardens, edited and translated by Linda B Parshall, 2001
Erik De Jong, Nature and Art. Dutch Garden and Landscape Architecture, 1650-1740, with an afterword by John Dixon Hunt, 2001.
Benedetta Origo, Morna Livinston, Laurie Olin and John Dixon Hunt, La Foce. A garden and landscape in Tuscany, 2001
Tradition and Innovation in French Garden Art. Chapters of a new history, ed. John Dixon Hunt and Michel Conan, with the assistance of Claire Goldstein, 2002
The Architecture of Landscape 1940-1960, ed. Mark Treib, 2002
Theory in Landscape Architecture. A Reader, ed. Simon Swaffield, 2002.
Claude-Henri Watelet, An Essay on Gardens, translated by Samuel Danon and with an introduction by Joseph Disponzio, 2003.
David Leatherbarrow, Topographical Stories. Studies in landscape and architecture, 2004
Anita Berrizbeitia, Roberto Burle Marx in Caracas: Parque del Este, 2004
Richard Weller, Room 4.1., 2004
John Dixon Hunt, The Afterlife of Gardens, 2004
Elizabeth Hyde, Cultivated Power. Flowers, culture and Politics in the reign of Louis XIV, 2005. Winner of the Elizabeth MacDougall Award, SAH, 2006
Luke Morgan, Nature as Model. Salomon de Caus and early seventeenth-century landscape design, 2006.
Witold Rybczynski and Laurie Olin, Vizcaya. An American Villa and its Makers, 2006.
Dede Ruggles, The Islamic Garden, 2007
Raffaella Fabiani Giannetto, Medici Gardens. From making to design, 2008. Winner of the Elizabeth MacDougall Award, SAH, 2009.
Vera Schwartz, Place and Memory in the Singing Crane Garden, 2008
Michel Baridon, Versailles, 2008
Robert W. Berger & Thomas F. Hedin, Diplomatic Tours in the Gardens of Versailles under Louis XIV (2008)
Emily T. Cooperman (editor), William Birch, The Country Seats of the United States (2008).
Paula Deitz, Of Gardens, with afterword by John Dixon Hunt (2010).
Bartolomeo Taegio, La Villa, edited, translated and introduced by Thomas E. Beck (2011).
Eugenia W. Herbert, Flora's Empire. British Gardens in India (2011).
The Pleasure Garden, from Vauxhall to Coney Island, ed. Jonathan Conlin, 20012
Ron Henderson, A Guide to the Gardens of Suzhou
Further volumes also in press.

Chapters contributed to books
"Dickens and the traditions of graphic satire", in Encounters; essays on literature and the visual arts, ed. J. D. Hunt, 1971
"Tennyson", in English Poetry; select bibliographical guides, ed A E Dyson, OUP 1971
"'The poetry of distance': Tennyson's Idylls of the King", in Victorian Poetry (Stratford Upon Avon Studies), 1972
"Grace, art and the neglect of time in Love's Labours Lost", in Shakespearean Comedy (Stratford Upon Avon Studies), 1972
"'Story painters and picture writers': Tennyson's idyls and Victorian painting", in Tennyson and his Background, ed D J Palmer, Bell & Sons 1973
"Milton's illustrators", in John Milton: introductions, ed John Broadbent, CUP 1973
"'Broken images': T S Eliot and modern painting", in The Waste Land in Different Voices, ed A D Moody, Arnold 1974; reproduced on CD-ROM "An Interart Study: music and modern art in T S Eliot's The Waste Land", 1996
"'A moment's monument': reflections on Pre-Raphaelite vision in poetry and painting", in Pre-Raphaelitism, ed James Sambrook, University of Chicago Press 1974
"The complex grammar of Auden's time", in Aspects of Time, ed C A Patrides, Manchester University Press 1976
"La visite de William Gilpin ... Stowe en 1747", in Jardins et paysages: le style anglais, ed A Parreaux & Mich? Plaisant, Publications de l'Universit?8218; de Lille III 1977
"The visual arts in Shakespeare's day", in Shakespeare. Pattern of Excelling Nature, ed. D Bevington & J L Halio, University of Delaware Press 1978
"'Loose nature' and the 'garden square': the gardenist background for Marvell's poetry", in Approaches to Marvell, ed C A Patrides, Routledge 1978
"Ruskin and the Lake District", in The Viewfinders, catalogue, Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, 1980
"Oeuvre & footnote", in The Ruskin Polygon, ed J D Hunt and Faith Holland, Manchester Univ Press 1982
"The cult of the cottage", in The Lake District, ed. J Murdoch, V&A Museum and Countryside Commission 1985
"'Curiosities to adorn cabinets and gardens'", in The Origins of Museums. The cabinet of curiosities in 16th- and 17th-century Europe, ed O Impey & A MacGregor, OUP 1985
"Gardens in the city of Venice", in Oxford Companion to the Garden, 1986
"The visual arts in Shakespeare's works", in William Shakespeare. His World, His Work, His Influence, ed J F. Andrews, Scribners 1986
"Architecture/Buildings" and "The picturesque", in The Jane Austen Companion, ed. J D Grey, Macmillan (NY) 1986
"Gardens in Utopia: Utopia in the garden", in Between Dream and Nature: essays on utopia and dystopia, ed. D Baker-Smith and C C Barfoot, Ridopi (Amsterdam) 1987.
"Shakespeare es a 'paragone': Atheni Timo", in A Reneszansz Szimbolizmus - Ikonografia, emblematika, Shakespeare (Acta Universitatis Szegediensis de Attila Jozsef Nominatae Cathedra Comparationis Litterarum Universarum), Szeeged, 1987
"Seeing through Burgundy", Voyage et Tourisme en Bourgogne ?'?que de Jefferson (Publications de l'Universit?e Bourgogne, LXVI), Dijon, 1988.
"A Lion in the Garden: the Anglo-Dutch Garden", essay in catalogue of The Age of William III and Mary II: Power, Politics, & Patronage, 1688-1702, ed Robert P Maccubbin & Martha Hamilton-Phillips, Williamsburg, 1989.
"Pope, Kent & 'Palladian' gardening", in The enduring legacy. Alexander Pope Tercentenary Essays, ed. Pat Rogers and G S Rousseau (C.U.P., 1988)
"William Kent as illustrator", in Imagination on a Long Rein. English Literature Illustrated, ed. Joachim M?r (Marburg: Jonas Verlag, l988).
"The British Garden and the Grand Tour", in The Fashioning and Functioning of the English Country House, eds. G, Jackson-Stops et al, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Studies in the History of Art, 25 (1989).
"Shakespeare and the paragone: a reading of Timon of Athens", Images of Shakespeare, ed W Habicht, D J Palmer & R Pringle (University of Delaware Press, l988).
"'Who does not know what a Dutch garden is?'", in The Dutch Garden in the Seventeenth Century, Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, 1990.
"Gardens" (with Michael Leslie), in The Spenser Encyclopaedia, 1990
"'Ut pictura poesis': the garden and the picturesque in England (1710-1750)", The History of Garden Design, ed. M Mosser & G Teyssot, London & Cambridge, MA., 1991.
"The Garden as Cultural Object", in Denatured Visions. Landscape and culture in the twentieth century, edited Stuart Wrede and William Howard Adams, Museum of Modern Art, New York, l991.
"Re-inventing gardens", in Le Jardin des Tuileries de Bernard Lassus, privately printed, Paris, 1991.
"Postface" to Denise and Jean-Pierre Le Dantec, Splendeurs des jardins de Paris (Paris, 1991), and "Foreword" to the English language edition, Paris in Bloom (New York, 1991).
"Ecrire le jardin: la quatri? nature", in Le Temps des Jardins, catalogue of exhibition at the Ch?au de Fontainebleau, June-September, 1992
"Verbal versus visual meanings in garden history: the case of Rousham", in Garden History. Issues, approaches, methods, Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, XIII (Washington, D.C., 1992).
"La repr?ntation dans l'art du jardin", in Hypoth?s pour une troisi? nature, ed. Bernard Lassus, Paris, 1992
"Landscape, the 3 natures and landscape architecture", in ARTivisual Landscapes, papers of International IFLA Conference 1992 (The Hague, 1992).
"Gard'ning can Speak Proper English", in Culture and Cultivation in Early Modern England: Writing and the Land, ed. Michael Leslie and Timothy Raylor, Leicester University Press, l992.
"Pastorals and pastoralisms", in The Pastoral Landscape, Studies in the History of Art 36, The National Gallery, Washington, D.C., 1992
"Il giardino come territorio delle nature", Pensare il giardino (Kepos Quaderni 2), ed Paolo Capone et al, Milan, 1992.
"The sign of the object", History from things. Essays on Material Culture, ed. Steven Lubar and W David Kingery, Washington D.C., 1993.
"The dialogue of modern landscape architecture with its past", Modern landscape architecture: a critical review, ed. Marc Treib, The MIT Press, 1993.
"Making Virgil Look English", in Word & Image Interactions, ed. Martin Heusser et al (Basel, 1993).
"Des jardins de France", in Trois Regards sur le Paysage Fran?s, Seyssel 1993.
"Why garden history?", in Gartenkunstgeschichte: Festschrift f?ieter Hennebo zum 70. Geburtstag, (Hannover, 1994).
"Arr? de hasard sur l'autoroute", in Autoroutes et Paysages, ed. Christian Leyrit and Bernard Lassus, Paris: Les Editions de Demi-Cercle, 1994.
"Hortulan affairs", in Samuel Hartlib & Universal Reformation. Studies in intellectual communication, ed. M Greengrass, M Leslie & T Raylor, C.U.P., 1994.
(poem) "Three meditations on Meditation by the Sea" (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)", Knowing the words. Liber amicorum for Robert Druce, Leiden Academic Press, 1994.
"The idea of the garden and the three natures", in Zum Naturbegriff der Gegenwart, 2 volumes, proceedings of the 1993 Stuttgart Congress "Natur im Kopf", Friedrich Frommann Verlag, 1994, I 305-325.
Introduction to Horace Walpole, The History of the Modern Taste in Gardening, Ursus Press, New York, 1995.
"Les jardins comme th?res de la m?ire", in Le Jardin, art et lieu de m?ire, ed. Monique Mosser et Philippe Nys (Besan?: Les Editions de l'Imprimeur, 1995), pp.220-242.
Introduction/Einleitung, Ian Hamilton Finlay. Works in Europe 1972-1995 Werke in Europa, ed. Zdenek Felix & Pia Simig (Hamburg, 1995).
"Il giardino europeo barocco: pi?rocco del barocco", in Il giardino delle Muse. Arti e artifici nel barocco europeo, ed. M A Giusti & A Tagliolini (Florence, 1995).
Introduction to Regional Garden Design in the United States, ed. Therese O'Malley and Marc Treib, Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, XV (Washington, D.C., 1995).
"Anglo-Dutch Garden Art: style and idea", in The World of William and Mary: Politics, Commerce, Ideas and Culture. Essays commemorating the tercentenary of the Glorious Revolution, edited by Dale Hoak and Mordechai Feingold, Stanford University Press, 1996.
"Land, art, land art & landscape architecture", a foreword to Udo Weilacher, Between Landscape Architecture and Land Art (Basel, 1996).
"Picturesque", "Garden", "Introduction to European gardens", "British Gardening to 1750" entries in Macmillan Dictionary of Art, now Grove, (1996), reprinted in five individual volumes of the Grove Art series. Revised online versions available 2013.
"Making and writing the Italian garden", introduction to The Italian Garden, ed. J D Hunt (Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Contribution to pamphlet on Bernard Lassus on the occasion of his being awarded the Grand Prix du Paysage 1996, published by the Minist? de l'Environnement, Paris, 1996; re-published in Interfaces 11-12 (see below).
"More than meets the eye: Laurie Olin's landscape architecture", in Transforming the Common/Place. Selections from Laurie Olin's sketchbooks, Princeton Architectural Press for Harvard University Graduate School of Design, 1997.
"John Evelyn and the idea of the garden: a theory for all seasons", in John Evelyn, the 'Elysium Britannicum' and European gardening, ed. Therese O'Malley and Joachim Wolschkle-Buhlmann, Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, DC, 1998.
"Gardens: historical overview", in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, ed. Michael Kelly, II, 271-4, Oxford University Press, 1998.
"Why do we need garden history?", Perspectives on Garden History, ed. Michel Conan, Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium series, Washington, D.C., 1998)
Introduction to translation of Mariage, The World of Andr?e N? (Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture, above)
["Jane Austen as garden theorist"] untitled contribution to Jane Austen. A Celebration. Ed. Maggie Lane & David Selwyn, with a foreword by HRH the Prince of Wales.
Foreword to Svensk Tr??skonst under fyrahundra ? ed. Thorbjorn Andersson, Tove Jonstoij and Kjell Lundquist, Stockholm: Byggforlaget, 2000).
Foreword ("Significance within the ordinary") to Gavin Keeney, On the nature of things. Contemporary American Landscape Architecture (Boston, Basle and Berlin: Birkhauser, 2000).
"The structures of landscape", in Structure in Science and Art, ed. Wendy Pullan and Harshad Bhadeshia. The Darwin College Lectures, Cambridge University Press, 2000.
"The garden in the city of Venice. Some preliminary observations", Fondamenta Nuovissime, ed. Michele Lodola and Connie Occhialini (ILAUD: Venice, 2000)
Afterword to Erik de Jong, Nature and Art (see Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture, above).
"'Come into the garden, Maud': garden art as a privileged mode of commemoration and identity", Places of commemoration. Search for identity and landscape design, ed. Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, Dumbarton Oaks Landscape Colloquium series, Washington, D.C., 2001.
"Some reflections on the idea of Horace's farm', in Allan Ramsey and the search for Horace's Villa, ed. Bernard D Frischer and Iain Gordon Brown (Ashgate, 2001)
"'A pattern of the world as he would have it'. Cecil Pinsent and the making of La Foce", in La Foce. A garden and landscape in Tuscany (see Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture, above).
"Ruskin and the 'picturesque side' of his Venetian work", Ruskin e Venezia. La bellezza in declino, ed. Sergio Perosa (Florence: Olschki, 2002)
"Reinventing the Parisian park", in Tradition and Innovation in French Garden Art (see Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture, above).
"Wilmarth Sheldon Lewis 1895-1979", essay on his Horace Walpole, in The A.W.Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 2002.
"Ruskin and the poetry of landscape architecture", in John Ruskin. Werk und Wirkung, ed. Werner Oeechslin (Zurich: gta Verlag and Berlin: Gebr.Mann Verlag,, 2003).
"Le temps de l'histoire et l'invention du lieu", in Les Temps du Paysage, ed. Philippe Poullaouec-Gonidec, Sylvain Paquette and G?ld Domon (Les Presses de l'Universit?e Montr?, 2003).
"Taking Place: some preoccupations and politics of landscape study", in Landscape and Politics, ed. Mark Dorian and Gillian Ross (London: Black Dog Publishing Lt., 2003).
Introduction to Sir George Sitwell, On the Making of Gardens (David R Godine Publisher, 2003).
""Playdoyer fur eine Rezeptionsgeschichte von Garten", in Historische Garten Heute, ed.Michael Rohde and Rainer Schomann (Editions Leipzig, 2003). English edition, Gardens Today (Editions Leipzig, 2004).
"'Lordship of the Feet'. Toward a poetics of movement in the garden", Landscape Design and the Experience of Motion, ed. Michel Conan, Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium publication XXIV (2003). Translated into Chinese for the International Symposium on Professor Chen Zhi's Gardening Thought, Succession & Integration, ed. Qing-ping Zhang and Yu-feng Yamg (China Forestry Publishing House, 2009).
"L'expérienece amèricaine", in Bernard Lassus, Couleur, lumiere, paysage. Instants d'une pédagogie (Monum, Editions du Patrimoine, 2004).
Introduction, Ian Hamilton Finlay, Fleur de l'Air. A Garden in Provence, Wild Hawthorne Press, 2004.
"Bridges, Friendship, and the Picturesque garden", Wege zum Garten. Gewidmet Michael Seiler zum 65, Geburtstag, Stiftung Preussische Schlosser und Garten Berlin-Brandenburg, 2004.
Two "Avant-propos" (in French) to reprints of anonymous guidebooks: Itineraire des Jardins d'Ermenonville (1788), and Itineraire des Jardins de Chantilly 1791), Editions Connaissance et M?ires, 2005.
"Pegaso in villa. Variazioni sul tema", Villa Lante a Bagnaia, ed. Sabine Frommel (Milan: Mondadori Electa, 2005).
"'The question opened by the picturesque'. Fragments and fractures in picturesque criticism and historiography", Fragments. Architecture and the Unfinished. Essays presented to Robin Middleton, ed. Barry Bergdoll & Werner Oechslin (Thames & Hudson, 2006).
Introduction to the French and English facsimile edition of Humphry Repton, Sketches and Hints on Landscape Architecture (Paris: Connaissance et M?ires, 2007).
"Il giardino Italiano negli Stati Uniti nel 1900: il libro di Edith Wharton", in Modelli culturali italiani, ed. Raffaella Castagnola & Paolo Parachini, Giampiero Casagrande editorte (for Unversit?ella Svizzera italiana di Lugano series "Oltre Le Frontiere",, 2007) .
Foreword to Andr?ogger, Landscapes of Taste. The art of Humphry Repton's Red Books, Routledge, 2007.
"Le Jardin comme th?re dans les nuages / The garden as theatre in the clouds", in Bernard Lassus, Les Jardins Suspendus de Colas, privately printed and issued by COLAS, 2007.
"Le Modern Gardening d'Horace Walpole, est-il encore moderne?", in Paysage et Moderniti?), Bruxelles: Editions Ousia, 2007
"Sculpture gardens and sculpture in gardens", in The Fran and Ray Stark Collection of 20th-century Sculpture at the J.Paul Getty Mseum, ed. Antonia Bostrom, Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 2008.
Introduction ("The Quality of Garden Magic") to the reprint of Edith Wharton's Italian Villas and Gardens, The Mount Press & Rizzoli, 2008.
"Water", in The Water Garden. Clusius Lectures 2008 (Leiden: Clusius Foundation, 2009).
"Ideas of the sublime and the beautiful", in Learning from Duisburg Nord, ed. Udo Weilacher (Munich: Architecture Faculty, 2009).
"Prose and poetry in the landscapes of Bernard Lassus", Die Kunst, Landschaft nue zu erfinden.k und Wiren von Bernard Lassus, ed. Andrea Koenecke, Udo Weilacher and Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, for the Zentrum fur Gartenkunst und Landschaftsarchitktur der Leibniz Universitat Hannover (Munich, 2010)
"Something Behind the Horizon", in Paolo Burgi Landscape Architect. Discovering the (Swiss) Horizon..., ed, Raffaella Fabiano Giannetto Source Books in Landscape Architecture, 5 (Princeton Architectural Press, 2009).
"La quarta natura: the mixed advocacy of landscape architecture in recent literature. / La quarta natura. La variegata presenza dell'architettura paessaggistica nella recente letteratura", Transmitting Landscape /Communicare il paesaggio, ed. Francesca Bagliani (Marsilio, Milano, 2010)
Two contributions to the volume, Art, Word and Image 2000 Years of Visual/Textual Interaction, ed. John Dixon Hunt, David Lomas and Michael Corris, (Reaktion Books, 2010) a general introduction and an essay, "Word & Image in Art to c.1900".
"Transformations in landscape taste circa 1800. Landscapes of the bard, of the promeneur solitaire & of the pater familias", conference volume on M. Cesarotti, ed. Fabio Finotti, Edizioni Universit?i Trieste (EUT), 2010.
"Salvatore Rosa's 'Paysage fluvial avec Apollon et la Sibylle de Cuma'". 100 Paysages. Exposition d'un genre, ed. Michael Jakob & Claire-Lise Schwok (Inflio Editions, Switzerland), 2011.
"Water & European landscape architecture", in Water and Humanity: Historical Overview, volume I, ed. Vernon Scarborogh, of the UNESCO History of Water and Civilization series., editor in chief, Fekri Hassan, in press, 2011.
"Theatres of Hospitality. The forms and uses of private landscapes and public gardens", in The Pleasure Garden, from Vauxhall to Coney Island, ed. Jonathan Conlin, University of Pennsylvania Press, 20012
"Garden and Landscape Design". In Oxford Bibliographies in Art History. Ed. Thomas DaCosta Kaufmann. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
"Terreno storico. Le trace della storia nell'architettura contemporanea", in Paesaggi e Storia, ed. Renzo Dubbini (Venice: Marsilio for the University of Venice, 2012).
"The influence of anxiety. Keeping Europe in the picture in North American landscaping", Public Nature, forthcoming University of Virginia Press, 2013.

"The most practical criticism: notes on the teaching of creative writing", The Critical Survey, summer 1964
"I A Richards and the advancement of learning", The Critical Survey, summer 1985
"Mystery and muddle in A Passage to India", E.L.H., 33 (1966).
"The symbolist vision of In Memoriam", Victorian Poetry, Fall 1970
"Emblem and expressionism in the 18th-century landscape garden", Eighteenth-Century Studies, Spring 1971, reprinted with some modification in a French translation in URBI, 8 (1983).
"Ut pictura poesis? some notes on an inter-disciplinary study", Twentieth-Century Studies, September 1973
"'Sight and song itself': an essay on painting and William Carlos Williams", Strivers' Row, Spring 1974.
"Gardening, and poetry and Pope", The Art Quarterly, Spring 1974
"Wonderous dark and deep: Turner and the sublime", The Georgia Review, 30 (1976)
"English mirrors of Italian gardens", Country Life, 15 ix 77
"Sense and sensibility in the landscape designs of Humphry Repton", Studies in Burke and his Times, 19 (1978)
"Ut pictura poesis, the picturesque, and John Ruskin", Modern Language Notes, 93 (1978); reprinted in John Ruskin. Modern Critical Views, ed. Harold Bloom (New York, 1986).
"Turner and landscape painting. Remarks, aspects, glosses", The Eighteenth Century. Theory & Interpretation, 20 (1979)
"Theatres, gardens, and garden-theatres", Essays and Studies 1980.
"Picturesque mirrors and the ruins of the past", Art History, 4 (1981)
"Milton and the making of the English garden", Milton Studies, 15 (1981)
"L'Idea di un giardino nel bel mezzo del mare", Rassegna, 8 (1981)
"Pope: 'practical poetry' and practising poetry", Review, 3 (1981)
"Ovid in the Garden", Architectural Association Files, I/3 (winter 1982)
"De engelse tuin: van Ruisdael afgekeken", Openbaar Kunstbezit, 5 (1982)
"Pope's Twickenham revisited", Eighteenth-Century Life, VIII ns (1983)
"An unused preface by John Ruskin for St. Mark's Rest" (with Jeffrey L Spear), The Princeton University Library Chronicle, XLIV (1983)
"City, villa and country in Renaissance Italy and England", Utrecht Renaissance Studies, III (1984)
"Ut pictura poesis, ut pictura hortus, and the picturesque", Word & Image, I (1985)
"The portrait of William Style of Langley: some reflections", John Donne Journal, V (1986).
"Beitrage zu einer Typologie des europaischen Renaissancegartens", ARX. Burgen und Schlosser in Bayern, Osterreich und Sudtirol, 2 (1987).
"Some different 'mani?s de montrer les jardins'", review essay, Seventeenth-Century French Studies, X (1988).
"Reckoning with Dutch gardens", Journal of Garden History, VIII (1988)
"Pictura, scriptura & theatrum: Shakespeare and the emblem", Poetics Today, 10.1 (1989).
"A dream of old Europe: Crowninshield garden, Delaware", Landscape, September l988.
"Style and idea in Anglo-Dutch gardens", Antiques, December l988, republished in The Northern Seas. Politics, Economics and Culture, ed Walter Minchinton (Association for the History of the Northern Seas), 1989.
"John Ruskin, la topografia turneriana, e il genius loci", Eidos, 5 (1990).
"Die Wandlungen des Landschaftsparks in England und Amerika w?end des 19. Jahrhunderts", Die Gartenkunst, II (1990).
"Zwischen Natur und Kultur: Word und Bilt im Garten", Neue Z?er Zeitung, 196 (25 August, l990).
"Le paysage americain est-il devenu non europ??", Le D?t, 65 (1991); reprinted as "Il paesaggio americano", Lettera internazionale, VII/30 (1991).
"Caillebotte and the gardens of French Impressionism" (review essay), Apollo, CXXXIV. no. 354 (new series), August 1991.
"Nel concetto delle tre nature/In the concept of the three natures", Casabella ("Il disegno degli spazi aperti/The design of open spaces"), 597-598, January-February 1993.
"Origins and characteristics of the English landscape garden", Jardins et Sites Historiques (ICOMOS, 1993), pp.252-56.
"Writing the English garden: Horace Walpole & the historiography of landscape architecture", Interfaces Image Texte Langage, 4 (Universit?e Bourgogne), 1993
"Ekphrases of the garden", Interfaces Image Texte Langage 5, 1994, containing a selection of papers from the 1993 Nice Conference on "Image/Langage".
"Natur ganger Tre", Utblick Landskap (special issue on "Naturen som Inspiration"), 4 (1994).
"Lassus in Eden: ritratto di Bernard Lassus", Eden. Rivista dell'architettura del paesaggio, 3 (1995).
"The nature of culture and the culture of nature", The George Wright FORUM, 13 (1996), Balancing natural and cultural issues in the preservation of historic landscapes, being selected papers from the National Association for Olmsted Parks Conference, ed. Charles A.Birnbaum & Sandra L. Tallant.
"A breakthrough in dahlia studies: on Arcadia by Tom Stoppard", Landscape Journal, 15/1 (1996).
"Paragone in paradise: translating the garden", Comparative Criticism, 18 (1996), issue on "Spaces, cities, gardens & wildernesses", 55-70.
"Humphry Repton and garden historiography", Journal of Garden History, 16 (1996).
"Lassus's metaphoric territories", Interfaces Image Texte Langage, 11-12 (1997).
"Ruskin: the design of nature & the transcription of its manuscript", Assemblage 32 (1997).
"The garden as virtual reality", Das K?liche Paradies. Gartenkunst im Spammungsfeld von Natur und Gesellschaft, ed. Marcus Kohler, special issue of Die Gartenkunst, Hannover, 1997.
"Experiencing gardens in the Hypnerotomachia Polifili", Word & Image, XIV/1&2 (1998), special double issue of the proceedings of the 1996 Penn symposium on the Hypnerotomachia.
"Paesaggio e reinvenzione del luogo", in A R C (Architettura Ricerca Composizione), III (Mat 1998), Politechnico di Milano.
"The garden in the city of Venice: epitome of site and state", Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes, 19/1 (1999).
Editorial (being extracts from Greater Perfections), Land Forum, 5 (1999)
"Old Money, New Gardens, New Money, Old Gardens", Lincoln Center Theater Review, 26 (Fall, 2000)
"Land, art, land art & landscape architecture", Fine Arts 2001 American Academy in Rome, (2001)
"'As is the gardner, so is the garden': the representation of self in landscape architecture", Interfaces. Image Texte Langage, 17 (2001).
"Putting you in the picture: visual image and ekphrasis in publications of the picturesque garden", Die Gartenkunst 15 (2003).
"Gardens of the Mind. From idea to institution", V&A Magazine (Summer 2004).
"Zur Wahrnehmung des Begriffs Landscaft / On the perception of the term landscape", Topos, 47 (June 2004).
"Word, Image & the Garden", Paragrana. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Historische Anthropologie (special issue, Hand, Scrift, Bild, edited Toni Bernhart & Gert Groening), Beiheft 1 (2005).
"Preservation in the sphere of the mind: duration and memory", in 2005 Prospectus of the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation, School of Design, University of Pennsylvania.
"Ian Hamilton Finlay and the commonplace - book to garden and back", Word & Image, 21/4 (2005). This issue also includes my catalogue of Finlay materials exhibited at the University of Pennsylvania, 2005.
"Parks. Promenades, & Politics: tradition and innovation in Europe and North America, Die Gartenkunst, 18/1 (2006).
"Stourhead revisited and the pursuit of meaning in gardens", Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes, 26/4 (2006).
"VNDA Pacifica", in New Arcadian Journal, 61/62 (2007), special issue on "Ian Hamilton Finlay: Selected Landscapes", 2008.
"The garden in the clouds" / "le Jardin comme theatre dans les nuages", Les Jardins Suspendus de COLAS, private printed for Colas S.A. and Bernard Lassus, c.2008
"Folly in the Garden", The Hopkins Review (new series), I.2 (2008).
"Celebrating the Venetian City garden", Historic Gardens Review, 21 (May, 2009).
"'Poor Venice... the supreme bugbear of literature'", The Hopkins Review (new series), III.1 (2010).
"On the formation and conduct of garden history", Rocznik Historii Sztuki, 34 (Warszaw, 2010).
"Bernard Lassus. Professor of Landscape Architecture", Landscape Architecture [Beijing] 6/2 (2010), pp.173-175 (in Chinese and English).
"Manipulating the physical: water's body and soul", arq (architectural research quarterly), 15/3 (2011), pp. 231-36.
"John Ruskin, Claude Lorrain, Robert Smithson, Christopher Tunnard, Nikolaus Pevsner, and Yve-Alain Bois walked into a bar......", The Hopkins Review (new series), V.2 (2012).
"Picturesque & the America of William Birch", Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes , issue entitled "The Landscapes, Scenes and Theatres of William Birch", 32/1 (2012).
"Chinese Gardens at First Hand", with photography by Emily T Cooperman, Historic Gardens Review, 23 (February, 2012).
"Gardens on Glass. The photography of Frances Benjamin Johnston", Landscape Architecture Magazine, 102 (April 2012).
"The politics of the past in the present. The importance of history in writing about contemporary landscape architecture", Die Gartenkunst, 2012/1.
"Ekphrasis. D? vu all over again", Interfaces, 32 (2012). Issue on "Word & Image Theory in the 21st Century".
"A note on adaptation in gardens', Change Over Time, 2/2, issue on "Adaptation" (2012).
"What is wrong with nostalgia anyway?", editorial in "Nostalgia" issue of Change Over Time 3/1 (2013)
"Some notes on camouflage in landscape architecture", Via, forthcoming.

Frequent lecturer at the Architectural Association, London. Invited lecturer on verbal/visual themes and on garden history at many universities and institutions in USA and in France, New Zealand, Australia, Switzerland, Belgium, Germany, Canada, China, Sweden, Portugal, and Italy.
PhD examiner for various British and Australian universities, for the Sorbonne and for the Universit?e Dijon. External examiner for modern English literature, Liverpool University 1976-78; for English and drama, Newcastle University Institute of Education 1969-70 and Cambridge University Institute of Education 1974-76; for MA in English literature and visual arts, St David's University College, University of Wales, Lampeter 1980-82. Most recently, external examiner of PhD dissertation by Luke Morgan on Salomon de Caus (University of Melbourne, 2004) and of PhD by Danielle Dagenais on Gilles Cl?nt (Université de Montréal, 2006). Supervisor of 10 Ph.D dissertations at the University of Pennsylvania.

Historical Ground, The role of history in contemporary landscape architecture. Routledge.
Modern and Contemporary Gardens (provisional title), Reakton Books, London.
Landscape History (Critical concepts in Built Environment), 4 vols., co-edited with Emily T Cooperman, Routledge.

REVIEWS have appeared in
The Times (London) The Poetry Review
T.L.S. The Dickensian
T.H.E.S. The Georgia Review
The Listener History Today
Durham University Journal Landscape Architecture
Modern Language Notes Renaissance Quarterly
The Modern Language Review Land Forum
Journal of Society of Architectural Historians (USA)
Books and Issues Architettura
Burlington Magazine Art Book Review
American Historical Review Turner Quarterly
Design Book Review Word & Image
Studies in the History of Gardens: formerly, the Journal of Garden History
Art Bulletin Albion
Ancient History Bulletin Harvard Design Review
Historic Gardens


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